posted by admin on 28/06/06
What's Going On Here?
In late May and early June 2006, the Southern Shrimp Alliance, the organization of shrimp fishermen from eight southeastern USA states that instigated the shrimp dumping case, negotiated "administrative review" settlements with 29 companies that export shrimp to the United States. Two of the companies are in Ecuador, eight in Thailand and nineteen in Vietnam. The dumping duties on shrimp from the twenty-nine companies will remain in the three to six percent range.
The settlements mean the Southern Shrimp Alliance will not request a review of the company's export practices by the USA Department of Commerce, which would probably have led to higher duties on their shrimp and certainly would have meant many more millions in legal fees and paperwork. The bonds for customs duties will be liquidated for the companies that settled, and any duties collected will be made available to the pool of Byrd Amendment money that will be eventually distributed to shrimp fishermen.
Highlights from the Agreements
• The Southern Shrimp Alliance (SSA) will withdraw its request for a recalculation of the dumping duties applied to imports of warmwater shrimp under the administrative review process. This action will remove litigation risks and reduce litigation costs for both parties.
• The Southern Shrimp Alliance and the companies will cooperate to increase the volume of testing by the United States and other governments of exported and imported shrimp for banned substances. The companies and the Alliance will work together to enhance compliance with food safety laws and regulations to address the growing consumer concerns about illegal substances found in shipments of imported, farm-raised shrimp.
• The companies will commit to export shrimp to the United States that is free of banned substances.
John Sackton's Analysis
On May 25, 2006, John Sackton, editor of Seafood.com, an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service, published this analysis of the situation:
A large number of shrimp importers and their export country partners consider the Alliance's attempt to use its leverage in asking for administrative reviews as a form of extortion, basically demanding payments from businesses under threat of more legal costs and possible higher duties.
The Alliance has confirmed that each of the agreements is for the current administrative review period only. This means that a company might have to renew its agreement annually in order to be assured that it won't be subject to an administrative review at a later date. The agreements made so far cover the period of the current administrative review, from February 1, 2005, through January 31, 2006.
Does the Alliance have the legal standing to request administrative reviews? In a letter dated August 12, 2005, the USA International Trade Commission denied a request by the Alliance to become an official party to the dumping suit. The official parties are the Ad Hoc Shrimp Trade Action Committee, the Versaggi Shrimp Corp., and the Indian River Shrimp Co. If the Alliance does not have legal standing as an actual party to the case, then it may not have the legal standing to enforce administrative reviews.
The reason these settlements have attracted so much attention is that many companies in the shrimp industry would actively welcome a truly global settlement and a freeze on duties for the entire five-year period of the shrimp dumping order. The uncertainty over possible changes in duties is far more disruptive to a business than the actual amount. Few believe that the current offers, as put forward by Dewey Ballantine and the Alliance, are more than a temporary one-year agreement; and there seems little doubt that new agreements would have to be negotiated for each subsequent year, along with whatever payments are required.
Information: The website of the Southern Shrimp Alliance (www.shrimpalliance.com).
The New England Lobster Research Initiative
On June 5, 2006, Dr. J. Stanley Cobb, a professor of marine biology at the University of Rhode Island, posted to the Crust-L List (a mailing list similar to the Shrimp List):
Following is a link to information about a research initiative on shell disease in the American lobster, Homarus americanus. The Rhode Island Sea Grant Program, the National Marine Fisheries Service and the University of Rhode Island jointly administer an approximately $3 million fund for investigation of the causes and consequences of shell disease. Approximately $2 million is available for research projects, with the remainder funds to be used for a monitoring program and administration. Research proposals from individuals or teams of investigators are welcome.
You can download the Request for Proposals from the RI Sea Grant website at: http://www.seagrant.gso.uri.edu/fisheries/lobster_initiative/lobster_RfP.pdf
Note that the deadline for proposal submission is Wednesday, June 28, 2006 , at 4:00 p.m.
Excerpts from the Request for Proposals
A new type of shell disease has contributed to an enormous decline in southern New England lobsters with a severe effect on the fishery. Despite the fact that lobster shell disease has been observed throughout the New England region and the Gulf of Maine (at lower levels), little is known about this new disease.
In 1996, lobstermen and scientists began to recognize and monitor this new form of shell disease on lobsters in southern New England. By 1999, it was affecting over 30% of legal and sub-legal lobsters in inshore areas. It has a different origin and appearance from burnt spot shell disease and other impoundment diseases.
A detailed review of shell disease in New England lobsters has recently been completed (http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/fisheries/lobster_initiative/index.html) and should be consulted for more detailed background on the etiology of this new disease.
Bullock Creek Prawn
Peter and Judy Spindler, along with Judy's son Simon Butler, grow and sell fresh farmed shrimp from their 40-hectare Bullock Creek Prawn Farm in the state of Queensland, just north of Brisbane. Farm gate sales have allowed the farm to prosper. People drive for hours to get shrimp that are so fresh they're almost jumping out of the bag.
Annual sales have averaged between 12 metric tons (during a cold summer) and 18 tons. How can such a small crop support three full-time people?
The answer is simple. The entire production is sold at the farm for premium prices, whole animals only, cooked or raw:
• 21/25s, $13 a kilo
• 16/20s, $16 a kilo
• 11/15s, $18 a kilo
• U/10s, $20 a kilo
Every day, just after sunrise, the Spindlers set four shrimp traps to catch the orders for the day, from 100 to 400 kilos, which takes from a half hour to four hours. They don't freeze anything; everything is sold on harvest day, and cooked shrimp sell for the same price as the raw ones. The Spindler's shrimp have won two gold and two silver medals at the Sydney Fine Food Show.
Information: Peter and Judy Spindler, Bullock Creek Prawn Farm, P.0. Box 26, Donnybrook, Queensland 4510, Australia (phone 07-5498-8659, fax 07-5498-8399).
Source: Austasia Aquaculture (www.austasiaaquaculture.com.au). Tim Walker, Editor-in-Chief (AustasiaAquaculture@netspace.net.au). Fresh is best for southern Qld prawn farm. Dos O'Sullivan (firstname.lastname@example.org). Volume 20, Number 2, Page 3, April/May 2006.
Susceptibility of Shrimp to TSV
This Biosecurity Policy Memorandum discusses the outcome of initial research into the susceptibility of Australian crustaceans to the Taura syndrome virus (TSV).
Biosecurity Australia commissioned the Aquaculture Pathology Laboratory at the University of Arizona in the United States to research the susceptibility of five Australian crustacean species to infection with the Thai and Belize isolates of TSV by ingestion of infected prawn meat or by injection. The five species:
• Penaeus merguiensis (a white marine shrimp, challenged only with the Thai TSV isolate)
• Penaeus monodon (the giant tiger shrimp)
• Cherax quadricarinatus (a large, commercially grown, freshwater crawfish)
• Cherax tenuimanus (a large, commercially grown, freshwater crawfish)
• Macrobrachium rosenbergii (a freshwater prawn that's widely farmed around the world)
Significant clinical disease due to TSV was not observed in any of the challenged species. After the challenges, TSV nucleic acid was detected in all the species, and an active (reproducible) infection was detected in P. merguiensis and P. monodon, following injection challenge. The control group, P. vannamei, treated in the same way, developed the disease and died.
Further information on the research is available from Biosecurity Australia's website at www.biosecurityaustralia.gov.au. Due to the low number of some experimental animals, Biosecurity Australia has commissioned the University of Arizona to repeat the study on merguiensis and monodon.
Information: Warren Vant (email@example.com).
Source: Growfish (Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network, Inc., http://www.growfish.com.au/default.asp). Prawn IRA Update: Biosecurity Australia Policy Memorandum 2006/16/Prawns and Prawn Products Import Risk Analysis (IRA)--Revised Ira Team Membership and Progress Report (http://www.growfish.com.au/content.asp?contentid=6595). Edition-57, May 15, 2006.
Monogamous Mud Crabs
Scientists at the Bribie Island Aquaculture Research Centre have successfully bred mud crabs, hatched their eggs and raised the larvae through to mature adults. Next, they hope to breed some of the aggressiveness out of them. They have discovered that aggression towards males by large female crabs is moderated if the females are provided their own retreat with access to just one male. They estimate that commercial mud crab farming is about a year away. Currently, crab farms in Queensland rely on wild juveniles to stock their ponds.
Information: Ross Lobegeiger, Bribie Island Aquaculture Research Centre, DPI&F, P.O. Box 2066, Woorim, Queensland 4507 Australia (phone 07-3400-2000, email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Source: FisheNews (an email supplement to Austasia Aquaculture magazine, www.austasiaaquaculture.com.au). Editor, Tim Walker (email@example.com). Other Crustaceans: Mud Crab Breeding Progress at Bribie Island. June 1, 2006.
Genus Finds Buyer for Shrimp Hatchery
In late 2005, Genus, PLC, a British cattle genetics company, bought Kentucky-based Sygen International, which owned SyAqua, a shrimp genetics company, which owned shrimp hatcheries in Brazil, Mexico and Thailand. Now Genus reports that it has reached an agreement in principle with a management buy-out team to sell its money-losing Brazilian shrimp business.
Sources: 1. Money Week. Sygen gives Genus big boost (http://www.moneyweek.com/file/13582/sygen-gives-genus-big-boost.html). June 6, 2006. 2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News Intenational, June 8, 2006.
EXPALSA Receives Nine GAA Certificates
EXPALSA (Exportadora de Alimentos, S.A.), the largest fully integrated organic shrimp farm in the world with over 2,300 hectares of ponds, has received Aquaculture Certification Council certification for its hatchery, processing plant and seven farms.
Ever wondered what an ACC certificate looks like?
Information: Humberto Trujillo, Export Manager, Exportadora de Alimentos S.A., Km. 6.5, Via Duran Tambo, Guayaquil, Ecuador (phone 5934-2-801231, email firstname.lastname@example.org, websites www.expalsa.com and www.organicwonder.com).
Information: William R. More, Aquaculture Certification Council, Inc., 12815 72nd Avenue NE, Kirkland, WA 98034 USA (phone 425-825-7935, fax 425-650-3001, cell 206-321-0795, email email@example.com, website www.aquaculturecertification.org).
Sources: 1. Email from Humberto Trujillo to Shrimp News International. Subject: Expalsa ACC Certified. May 31, 2006. 2. EXPALSA's website on June 1, 2006.
Unable to sustain mounting financial losses, more and more of AP's shrimp farmers are moving back to traditional farming. The production of shrimp, mostly Penaeus monodon, in the state has dropped from 100,000 metric tons a year in 2000 to 76,000 tons in 2005. Farmers blame the government for not providing quality seedstock, infrastructure, laboratories, cold storage facilities and help with marketing. The Marine Products Export Development Authority, which overlooks shrimp farming in India, says that poorly trained shrimp farmers and bad marketing strategies are responsible for the present crisis.
Source: Newindpress.com. Southern News–Andhra Pradesh (http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEA20060525010720&Page=A&Title=Southern+News+-+Andhra+Pradesh&Topic=0). May 25, 2006.
Wanted: Mature Penaeus vannamei
I am looking for someone with experience in Penaeus vannamei maturation.
Information: Matt Briggs (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "email@example.com"). Subject: [shrimp] vannamei maturation/hatchery technician. From: firstname.lastname@example.org. May 30, 2006.
Shrimp Farmers Kicked Out of the Mangroves
In a move to tame the damage done by cyclones and tsunamis, the state government of Orissa has asked administrators in the district of Kendrapara to reclaim unlawfully occupied land within 1,000 meters of the coast that has been taken over by shrimp farmers. The land will be returned to mangroves.
Source: The Statesman. Afforestation to block tidal ingress (http://www.thestatesman.net/page.news.php?clid=9&theme=&usrsess=1&id=118562). June 2, 2006.
Bans Shrimp Imports
To protect shrimp farms from exotic viruses, the government has decided to extend its ban on shrimp imports for the food market.
The current ban, which was scheduled to end on June 28, 2006, proved effective in preventing transshipment of Chinese shrimp to the United States.
Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). Indonesia extends ban on shrimp imports. Ken Coons. Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email email@example.com). June 2, 2006.
Reducing Imports of Broodstock
The government wants to reduce its dependence on shrimp broodstock imports. Agus Budhiman, director of the Hatchery and Fish Breeding Directorate, said that breeding centers were being developed on the islands of Sulawesi and Java. In 2004, 17 companies imported 35,000 Penaeus vannamei broodstock. The annual requirement is 108,000.
Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email firstname.lastname@example.org, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com). Indonesia to reduce imports of shrimp broodstock. Volume 2, Number 3, Page 6, May/June 2006.
Reuters, an international news service, reports:
CP Proteinaprima, an Indonesian aquaculture firm specializing in shrimp farming, is preparing an initial public offering worth up to $150 million. Subject to market conditions, the offering could take place in the next few weeks. Macquarie (http://www.macquarie.com/id/en/index.htm), a large, international investment banking and financial services company, will manage the offering.
Source: Yahoo!News. Indonesian shrimp farm firm readies $150 mln IPO (http://asia.news.yahoo.com/060607/3/2llei.html). June 7, 2006.
Penaeus vannamei--in West Malaysia Only
In May 2005, the Department of Fisheries lifted the ban on Penaeus vannamei farming in West Malaysia (peninsular Malaysia), and in 2006, an estimated 60 to 70 percent of its production will come from P. vannamei. The ban still remains in East Malaysia (on the north coast of the island of Borneo), in the states of Sabah and Sarawak, where P. monodon, P. merguiensis and P. indicus are cultured. In Sabah, production of monodon declined to 3,000 tons in 2005, mainly due to diseases. In Sarawak, the vannamei ban might be lifted.
Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email email@example.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com). Black and White in Malaysia. Volume 2, Number 3, Page 4, May/June 2006.
Shrimp Hatchery Complex
Islamabad...On June 4, 2006, the Government of Pakistan announced a new program that will upgrade its fisheries sector across the board. To be carried out by the federal government and the provinces, it includes provisions for the capture fisheries and aquaculture.
As part of the program, the Marine Fisheries Department is developing a project called "Establishment of a Hatchery Complex for the Production of Fish and Shrimp Seeds".
Source: Daily Times. Measures under way to improve fisheries sector (http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2006%5C06%5C04%5Cstory_4-6-2006_pg5_5). June 4, 2006.
Crabs--Texchem-Pack Holdings (S), Ltd.
After its public offering, Texchem-Pack Holdings (S), Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of Texchem Resources, Bhd. (TRB), plans to invest $2.75 million in crab farming in Myanmar. TRB chairman and chief executive officer Datuk Seri Fumihiko Konishi said, "We are expanding our operations on a 1,000-acre site in Myanmar."
Source: The Star Online. Texchem to expand Thai and China ops (http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2006/5/31/business/14369445&sec=business). David Tan. May 31, 2006.
Broodstock For Sale, Wants Investors
Hi, my name is Carlos Rajani, I have Penaeus monodon broodstock for sale. I am also looking for investors for a shrimp farm in Tanzania.
Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp Farming International. Subject: brood stocks. From: firstname.lastname@example.org. June 2, 2006. 2. Email to Shrimp Farming International. Subject: Re: From Shrimp News = Your Broodstock. From: email@example.com. June 8, 2006.
Florida-Wanted: Help with Taxes
Water & Air Research, Inc., a multidisciplinary, employee-owned environmental consulting firm in Gainesville, has immediate openings for one full-time and one part-time aquatic invertebrate taxonomist. A minimum of three years of experience in the taxonomic identification of aquatic invertebrates is required for both positions. Water & Air Research, Inc., offers a comprehensive benefits package and salaries commensurate with experience. Email (firstname.lastname@example.org) or fax (352-378-1500) your resume to Water & Air Research, along with this reference number: #06-005.
Information: Doug Strom, Water and Air Research, 6821 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, Florida 32608 USA (phone 352-372-1500, fax 352-378-1500, email email@example.com, webpage www.waterandair.com).
Source: The Crust-L Mailing list (To subscribe, send an email to LISTPROC@VIMS.EDU. In the body of the email, put SUBSCRIBE CRUST-L). Subject: [CRUST-L:1951] Taxonomist Positions at Water and Air Research. From: firstname.lastname@example.org. May 31, 2006.
Louisiana-World Aquaculture Society
The next World Aquaculture Society meeting will be held in San Antonio, Texas, from February 26 to March 2, 2007.
On June 5, 2006, Dan Fegan, chairman of the Society's election committee, emailed this note to the membership:
I'm requesting nominations for the following Board positions:
• Directors (four candidates)
If you are a member of the Society and interested in standing for one of these positions, or if you would like to nominate other members for the positions, please send an email to email@example.com. If you are nominating other members, please check with them to make sure that they are willing to stand for election. Please include a short bio and recent photograph with your nominations. Deadline: September 30, 2006.
Once the nominations have been received, the elections committee will review the candidates and make a final selection for the ballot.
Source: Email to members of the World Aquaculture Society from the Home Office. Subject: WAS Ballot 2006-2007: Request for Nominations. June 5, 2006.
Aqua Bounty Technologies, Inc, a public biotechnology company focused on the development and marketing of health and therapeutic products for shrimp culture, has won a contract to supply yellowhead and whitespot diagnostic kits to the Vietnamese Fisheries Inspection and Veterinary Agency.
Information: Emma Charlton, Aqua Bounty Technologies, Inc., 935 Main Street, Waltham, MA 02154 (phone 781-899-7755).
Source: News Release. Aqua Bounty Technologies named diagnostics supplier for Vietnam. May 23, 2006.
New Jersey-Wanted Shrimp from Indonesia and Thailand
We would like to import shrimp from Indonesia and Thailand. Our sales are in excess of $25 million a year.
Information: Arthur Waldman, President, Waldman Imports, 560 Sylvan Avenue, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632 USA (phone 201-227-8430, fax 201-227-8436, email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Thomas Salvatore at Waldman Imports. Subject: Fwd. June 7, 2006.
Texas-Kentucky Enrichment, Inc.
We are looking for shrimp processing waste in Texas and western Louisiana.
Information: Cornelius A. Van Milligen, Kentucky Enrichment, Inc. (email email@example.com, webpage http://www.kentuckyenrichment.com).
Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "firstname.lastname@example.org"). Subject: [shrimp] Processing waste. From: email@example.com. May 31, 2006.
Washington, DC, the Environmental Protection Agency
On June 30 2004, EPA finalized its rules on effluents from aquaculture facilities. The rules will help reduce discharges of total suspended solids. They will also help reduce nonconventional pollutants such as nutrients, and to a lesser extent, they will reduce the discharge of drugs and chemicals that are used to manage fish health, like those used to clean fish tanks and nets. The final rules apply to new and existing facilities that use flow-through, recirculating and net pen systems to produce over 100,000 pounds of shrimp a year.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Aquatic Animal Production Industry Effluent Guidelines (http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/guide/aquaculture/). Updated on May 15, 2006.