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Ciptapangan Visitor
Thailand : Shrimp Production Expected to Drop
posted by admin on 17/05/06

Somsak Paneetatyasai, President of Thai Shrimp Association, said shrimp production was "worrisome" and shrimp exports would be below expectation in 2006. High fuel prices have forced commercial shrimp fishermen to remain in port, thus the volume of sea-caught shrimp, which was mainly for domestic consumption, was cut by more than 50% compared to the same period last year.

Because of problems with the whitespot virus at tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) hatcheries and farms, many farms have switched to producing white shrimp (P. vannamei) for the domestic market, so less is available for export.

Source: Press Release from the Thai Shrimp Association. TSA Expects Drop in Shrimp Production. Somsak Paneetatyasai ( April 26, 2006.


Thaksin Chemchom owns a Penaeus vannamei shrimp hatchery in Phuket, 200 shrimp ponds and a Thai Union Feedmill dealership. In 2004 and 2005, his hatchery produced 480 million postlarvae (PL-12). His broodstock originated in Hawaii as certified TSV (Taura Syndrome Virus) resistant and free of the whitespot (WSSV), infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis (IHHNV) and yellowhead (YHV) viruses. Imported broodstock is checked for diseases and quarantined for 15 days.

To prevent Vibrio infections, probiotics are used twice a week in the broodstock tanks. Feeds include squid, oysters, krill and polychaete worms from Satun Province. Although relatively expensive, Thaksin uses feeds from Cargill and INVE and says he will continue to use them as long as sales are good. He sells PLs for $3.12 a thousand.

Under an agreement with the Department of Fisheries (DoE), Thaksin must collect fast-growing shrimp from the farmers who stock his PLs. The fast-growers then become part of a local domestication program that all hatcheries are required to join. Thaksin's farm is regularly audited by teams from the DoF, which also provide training for the hatchery staff.

Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email, webpage A Supporting Hatchery. Volume 2, Number 2, Page 20, March/April 2006.

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